The Fight Against Poverty Has Been EXTREMELY Successful, U.S. Government Claims
The efforts of the U.S government are most times criticized more than the anti-poverty scheme. They are termed as vain and also derided as freebies to those who do not deserve it. However, a new paper has refuted these claims by revealing that the anti-poverty schemes of the governments are always successful, especially when it comes to social security.
Bruce D. Meyer and Derek Wu of the University of Chicago which happen to be the authors of this new paper, employed the managerial data gotten from six key programs to show that out of the six, five programs successfully stepdown grave poverty, and this is the revenue which is 50% lower than the federal poverty line. The sixth program has an effect on the working lower-class citizens.
Benefits of The Anti-Poverty Schemes
These five programs which stepdown grave poverty as listed as follows: Social security, Supplemental Security Income, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), also notably referred to as welfare, housing assistance and lastly food stamps (SNAP). The sixth program happens to be the Earned Income Tax Credit; this aids several families that make around 150% of the poverty line. Shedding light on the value of the poverty line, the income is around $25,100 for a family of four.
Treating each case individually, Weber and Wu discovered that the outcome of each program has been brought to nothing material by conventional methods of measurements. The Census Bureau surveys gave the previous evaluations, also adding that not underreports have their gains.
The authors further stated that the consequences of TANF and food stamps are undervalued between one-third and a half, Social security impact is also undervalued by 44%. This research spanned from 2008 all through to 2013, which happens to be the Great Recession.
Meyer further affirmed that these programs have greatly reduced poverty. The programs with the exemption of the EITC, are likely to experience budget cuts amongst others. Poverty rate has been barely reduced for close to 50 years now even though expenses running to trillions of dollars in public funds.
On the topic, Ronald Reagan threw quite a banter, supporting the Republicans, during the 1988 address read on the state of the union. He stated that the war against poverty has been won. The Republicans have also used the opportunity to back program cuts, and pave way for private and charitable establishments, and also cut states’ allowances.
How Reduction In Poverty Affects The Aged
Among the aged, Social security has reduced poverty by 75%, other programs also follow suit in this reduction as researched by Meyer and Wu. The paper, however, does not plainly focus on the effect of the poverty rate by the program. Meyer has however compared the effect in other research work.
James X. Sullivan of Notre Dame concluded in a 2012 paper that the tax rate which was gotten by households in need which included the EITC, housing benefits and amongst others, were not summed up by the official poverty rate. They are currently an essential part of anti-poverty spending. Meyer and Sullivan opined that the concentration of household income instead of consumption was a better symbol of the standard of living of a household.
The measurement showed that poverty rate is reduced by 4.4% from 1960 to 2010, stopping at 15.1%. Putting measurement flaws in mind, Meyer and Sullivan resolved that the percentage of poverty in America has been reduced by 26%, to around 4.5%.
Merits of The Social Security Scheme
Meyer affirmed that some quarters are blind to the reduction in poverty, as it reduced due to two major factors: addition of transfer programs and the growth of the economy. These results by Meyer and Wu reveal what is involved when it comes to the federal safety net, refuting the fact that the aged are among the economically stable Americans, their economic standing, however, relies on Social Security.
He also stated that most of the programs against poverty are not planned well, and there is room for improvement, as the poor would even prefer to work rather than receive payment by the state. Work support or provision of public service employment would be a great move, they claim.
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