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The Risks And Benefits Of Investing In Stocks

A stock market broadly refers to a type of investment representing an ownership share in a company. Stocks are also known as equities that investors buy to multiply their assets. In simple words, stocks are a way to build wealth through a collection of exchanges and other venues where companies buy, sell, and insure shares. Public companies sell their stock through the stock market, such as the New York Stock Exchange, Shanghai Stock Exchange, Nasdaq, and Euronext. These stocks also help companies to grow in the business market. 

Why should you own stocks?

REDPIXEL.PL / Shutterstock | Owning stocks in different companies can help you build your savings, protect your money from inflation


Investors own stocks primarily because it helps them earn a return on their investment. When stock prices rise, it helps them achieve capital appreciation and dividend payments; this is because the stock market’s returns often outpace the inflation rate, which can help slow down or prevent the adverse effects on taxes. Owning stocks in different companies allows you to build your savings and protect your money from inflation and taxes. 

Numerous businesses distribute dividends, which are periodic payments to shareholders. Not all equities pay dividends, but those that do do so quarterly on average. These dividend incomes can supplement the salary or retirement income of an investor. Additionally, investing in stocks can help you generate passive income after retirement or job loss.

Types of stocks

Sittipong Phokawattana / Shutterstock | Stocks can be a valuable part of your investment portfolio


There are two main types of equity investments:

Common shares

Since holders of common stock elect the board of directors and vote on business decisions, most investors buy common stocks in publicly traded corporations. When the stock price rises or falls, these shareholders have the option of selling their shares for a profit or keeping them. Ordinary shares may be purchased and sold more rapidly than any other investment, allowing investors to purchase or sell their assets for cash with relative ease.

Preferred stocks

Preferred equities provide owners with rights that differ significantly from those of regular stocks. This holding receives a fixed and consistent dividend, letting owners establish their annual reserve income. These shareholders are also the first to receive the company’s commission and earnings, as well as any dividend surplus. In the event of bankruptcy, however, the preferred stockholders receive a liquation of assets, the company’s assets are sold to repay the creditors, and the business ceases operations.

Risks of investing in stocks

Maxx-Studio / Shutterstock | Avoid individual stocks if you’re a beginner


The most significant risk of engaging and investing in stocks is stock market volatility. Statistics prove that the market declines about 10% every 11 months; hence there is a chance that you could also lose the sum you invested. A stock price can be affected by many factors such as faulty products, poor political and market engagement, poor customer service, or poor management. 

If a stock has performed well over the past few years, there is still no guarantee that you could receive a return. No one can predict how a stock will perform in the future; hence there is no guarantee that the prices will go up and that the company will pay dividends, or even stay in business. 

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