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Planning To Invest In The Stock Market? Here’s Everything You Need To Know

A stock market broadly refers to a type of investment representing an ownership share in a company. Stocks are also known as equities that investors buy to multiply their assets. In simple words, stocks are a way to store wealth through the collection of stock exchanges and other venues where companies buy and sell shares. Public companies sell their stock through the stock market on exchanges such as the New York Stock Exchange, Shanghai Stock Exchange, Nasdaq, and Euronext. This, in turn, helps companies grow and enables them to have access to more business markets and investors. 

Why should you own stocks?

The primary reason investors own stocks is that it helps them earn a return on their investment. When stock prices rise, it helps them achieve capital appreciation and dividend payments; this is because the stock market’s returns often outpace the inflation rate, which can help slow down or prevent the adverse effects of taxes. Owning stocks in different companies allows you to build your savings and protect your money from inflation and taxes. 

Burak Kebaber/ Pexels | The total world stock market capitalization is $116.78 trillion


It’s important to note that many companies pay dividends, which are regular payments, to their shareholders. However, not all stocks pay dividends, but those who do, typically do so every quarter. These dividend incomes can help you supplement an investor’s paycheck or retirement income, helping you earn passive income after retirement or when you lose your job. 

Types of stocks

There are two main types of equity investments:

Common shares

Most investors own common stocks in public companies because holders of common stock elect the board of directors and vote on corporate policies. When the stock price goes up or down, these shareholders can choose to either sell their shares at a profit or hold on to them. Ordinary shares are sold and bought more quickly than any other investment, allowing investors to buy or sell their investments for cash with relative ease. 

Olya Kobruseva/ Pexels | The total world stock market capitalization is $116.78 trillion


Preferred stocks

Preferred stocks offer additional rights and powers to shareholders when compared to common stockholders. These stock owners receive a regular and fixed dividend, allowing them to set their income from the reserve each year. These owners are also the first to receive the company’s commission and earnings, along with any excess cash from dividends. As an added bonus, if the company goes bankrupt, then the preferred stock owners receive a liquation of assets after the company assets are sold to repay the creditors, and the business itself closes down. 

Investing Tips to Master on Day One

Audit your finances before you even start to invest

Before entering the stock market or investing your money in potential business or housing properties, you must first identify your financial goals. You can visualize these long-term goals to help motivate yourself while also maintaining a disciplined investing approach. Whatever your goals may be, the first step towards a successful investment is to identify and quantify your financial goals and prioritize your goals according to their importance and requirements. You should also know the amount of money you bring in every month and the average amount that you spend on monthly expenses. This way, you can keep track of your cash flow and save more money. 

Mikhail Nilov/ Pexels | Do not gamble in the stock market, invest!


Automate your investments

Once your investment accounts are set up, you can automate the entire investing process. Innovative investing platforms such as SmartFolio allow you to choose the frequency and amount you pull directly from your bank account. Your money will automatically be deposited into your retirement savings or monthly investment accounts and into your non-retirement investment portfolio through this automated process. 

Master the art of diversification

Financial advisors usually suggest diversifying your assets and putting your money into diversified avenues rather than keeping all of your eggs in one basket. To diversify your investments, you can mix your assets–for example, getting involved in stocks, corporate bonds, and real estate.

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